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How do I narrow down my search results using the filters?
How do I narrow down my search results using the filters?
Luciana COLLINET avatar
Written by Luciana COLLINET
Updated over a week ago

With our multiple filters, you can narrow your search even deeper 🎉

You can apply one filter at a time, or mix them together.

You can start your research with the filters or combine them with a search request in the search bar.

💡Useful Tips

☝ You can start your legal search directly by using the filters

To do this, simply go directly to the dataset you want to search. For example, let's say you want to do a legal research concerning documents on International cases. For this, you will need to:

1. When looking at the landing page, click on the dataset for International cases:

2. Start using the filters to narrow down the documents available on the dataset:

☝ You can combine the filters after looking for a specific keyword or legal concept on the search bar:

☝ You can also combine the filters for different datasets at the same time. For this, you just need to select the datasets you are interested in. For example, let's say you start a research on "Dual Nationality" and you want to see the relevant documents for Treaties and International cases. You just need to click on the icons of these two datasets and you will be able to use the filters for both datasets at the same time:

The same applies for Rules and Wiki notes. You can see the four of them at the same time, or combine them as you want!

Where can I use filters?👇

In our three main datasets - International Cases, Treaties and Rules. These filters will help you to navigate through the different documents and narrow down your legal research

International Cases 📃

When navigating through our International Cases dataset, you will find the filters to apply on the right side of the page.

Published Documents

You can choose to see only publicly available documents, or both publicly available and confidential ones. For this, you need to use the "Published documents" filter. When you select "Published documents", you will be only see Publicly available documents:

If you unselect that option, you will see all publicly available documents on International cases, but also some confidential ones that you can find on Jus Mundi.

What kind of filters do we have? 🤔

  1. Type of case

Being the most comprehensive search engine for International Law and International Arbitration, you will find different types of cases on Jus Mundi:

  • Inter-State: Includes disputes between sovereign states in different courts and arbitration tribunals

  • Commercial Arbitration: This type includes purely commercial contract-based arbitration without states/wholly state-owned entities involved (i.e. Gazprom v. Naftogaz) and some cases with States/State entities involved (i.e. Commission Import Export S.A. v. Republic of the Congo).

  • Investor-State: This type includes disputes between Investors and States (i.e. Capital Financial Holdings v. Cameroon)

  • Iran - US Claims: This type includes cases by the Iran – US Claims, that the tribunal gave them exclusively to us.

  • Mixed Commission: This type includes cases by international compensation commissions (i.e. Neer v. Mexico).

  • Advisory proceedings: This type includes all the advisory proceedings of the ICJ, PCIJ, ITLOS, and Ad hoc

  • And more...

2. Tribunal/Court/Institutions

Jus Mundi’s database contains documents from many different institutions and courts. If you are looking for decisions or awards by a particular court or tribunal, you can use the Tribunals/Courts/Institutions filter. You can filter your search result by different institutions such as: WTO, ICC, IBA, ICJ, ICSID, and many more!

3. Rules of Arbitration

Our new filter on Rules of Arbitration contains a different set of rules that you can apply to your research. For example, you will find ICC set of rules, ICSID, ICJ, and many more!

❗You can look for a general set of rules, or more specific ones ➡ for example when typing ICC, you will find the general ICC set of rules of Arbitration, but also more specific ones.

4. Applicable Treaty

Use the Applicable Treaty filter to narrow down your results. You can choose among GATT, NAFTA, Energy Charter, WTO Agreement, and many other applicable treaties.

5. Applicable Law

This filter concerns the law governing the merits of the dispute. You can see that it contains different states that you can use to filter and narrow down your research.

Regarding the United States, you can also apply not only the country but also different States:

6. Seat of Arbitration

Includes the location selected by the parties as the legal place of arbitration, which consequently determines the procedural framework of the arbitration.

7. Status of the case

In Jus Mundi you will find different cases with different status. What status can I find?

  • Concluded (non-ISDS cases)
    This status includes the outcome of the Commercial Arbitration, Inter-State, Iran-US, Mixed Commission, and Other cases.

  • Pending
    This status includes all Pending cases

  • Other
    This status includes Investor-State, Inter-State and Other cases (i.e. Investor-State Republic of Equatorial Guinea v. CMS Energy Corporation and others.).

  • Decided in favor of State
    This status includes Investor-State cases where a State prevailed (i.e. no jurisdiction found or no violation found).

  • Discontinued
    This status includes Investor-State and Inter-State cases where the proceeding was discontinued.

  • Rendered (Advisory)
    This status includes all advisory opinions or reports

  • Settled
    This status includes all cases that have been settled.

  • Unknown
    This status includes cases where we are aware of the existence of a case, but we don’t know the outcome or status.

  • Withdrawn
    This status includes cases where the notice of dispute was filed but the case was further withdrawn by the Claimant.

8. Economic Sector

We adopted the United Nations’ “International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC)“, which is the international reference classification of productive activities.

You can look for a general economic sector, or a more specific one. For instance, to find all “Oil&Gas” disputes, look for “gas” in the filter’s search bar and select the filters “Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas” and “Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply”.

⚠Please note that this filter is only available for our Legal Research subscription. If you are under a free trial, or academic subscription, you won't be able to use it.

2️⃣ Type of Documents filters

We classify our documents according to both the nature of the document and the name that the Tribunal gave them. Therefore, we have three different types of classification:

  1. Decision: We include the different decisions and documents you can find on an international case; for instance, in this section, you will find Awards, National Enforcements, National Decisions, etc.

  2. Opinion: This type includes all the Mixed Commissions commissioners’ opinions. In this section, you will find Dissenting opinions, as well as concurring opinions and declarations.

  3. Other: This type includes all the ISDS, Commercial Arbitration, IUSCT, Inter-State, Mixed Commissions decisions that don’t fall into other categories.

Treaties 🌍

While looking at the Treaties dataset, you will find different filters to apply on the right side of the page in order to narrow down your research.

What kind of filters do we have? 🤔

  1. Type of Instrument: In this section, you will find International treaties, as well as Annex, Protocols, Side Instruments, and Model Agreements.

  2. Status: This section refers to the status of the treaty; You will find if it has been Signed, Replaced, Terminated by parties, etc.

  3. Signatory: We have a very comprehensive list of States and parties that have been a signatory party in at least one document of Treaties.

  4. Date of adoption

  5. Date of entry into force

Rules 📔

While looking at the Rules dataset, you will find different filters to apply on the right side of the page in order to narrow down your research.

What kind of filters do we have? 🤔

  1. Type of rules: In this section, you will find Rules of arbitration/procedure, Guidelines, and Draft Articles.

  2. Institution

  3. Date of adoption

If you have any other queries about our filters, do not hesitate to use our live chat, or contact our Care department ([email protected])

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